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Aquatarium 6 Broad St Brockville ON K6V 4T7
6133428780
AutoZone 140 Market Street, Potsdam, NY
(315) 265-2805
Wiltse's-Brockville Glass 2107 Parkedale, Brockville, ON K6V 5W1, Canada
+1 613-342-3019
RE/MAX Hometown Realty Inc 125 Stewart Blvd, Brockville, ON K6V 4W4, Canada
+1 613-342-9000
Keller Williams Solid Rock Realty 75 King Street East, Brockville, ON K6V 1B2, Canada
+1 613-498-3113
St John Ambulance 23 Abbott St, Brockville, ON K6V 5T7, Canada
+1 613-342-2974
Altima Dental Centre 1000 Islands 1000 Parkedale Ave, Brockville, ON K6V 3G9, Canada
+1 613-342-2222
Civitan Club Of Perth 6787 Lanark County Road 43, Perth, ON K0G 1B0, Canada
+1 613-267-2181
Robin R. Neumeier, CNM 826 Washington Street, Watertown, NY
(315) 785-4624
Kappa Auto Care Minute Muffler B 49 Moore, Carleton Place, ON K7C 2R3, Canada
+1 613-253-7030
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Reviewed by: ArtMed Now located at 381 Woolwich Street, Guelph, ON N1H 3W8 www.artmed.ca

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About Brockville

Brockville

 

 

 

Brockville, formerly Elizabethtown, is a city in Eastern Ontario, Canada in the Thousand Islands region. Although it is the seat of the United Counties of Leeds and Grenville it is politically independent of the county and is included with Leeds and Grenville for census purposes only.

Known as the "City of the 1000 Islands", Brockville is located on the north shore of the Saint Lawrence Riveropposite Morristown, New York about half-way between Cornwall to the east and Kingston to the west and roughly a 50-minute drive south of the national capital of Ottawa. It is one of Ontario's oldest communities and is named after the British general Sir Isaac Brock.

 

 

 

 

 

History

 

 

 

Indigenous peoples lived along both sides of the St. Lawrence River for thousands of years. The first people known to have encountered the Europeans in the area were the St. Lawrence Iroquoians a group distinct from and preceding the Iroquois nations of the Haudenosaunee. While the explorer Cartier recorded about 200 words in theirLaurentian language, they disappeared from the area by the late 16th century. The Iroquois by then used the St. Lawrence Valley as a hunting ground.

This area of Ontario was first settled by English speakers in 1785, when thousands of American refugees arrived from the American colonies after the American Revolutionary War. They were later called United Empire Loyalists because of their continued allegiance to King George III. The struggle between Britain and the 13 American colonies occurred in the years 1776 to 1783 and seriously divided loyalties among people in some colonies such as New York and Vermont. In many areas traders and merchants such as the coastal cities or the northern border regions had stronger business ties and allegiance to the Crown than did the frontiersmen of the interior. During the 6-year war which ended with the capitulation of the British in 1782 many colonists who remained loyal to the crown were frequently subject to harsh reprisals and unfair dispossession of their property by their countrymen. Many "Loyalists" chose to flee north to the then-British colony ofQuebec. Great Britain opened the western region of Canada and allocated land to the mostly English-speaking Loyalists and helped them with some supplies as they founded new settlements.

The St. Lawrence River, which separates Brockville and Morristown, New York, was named by French explorers in the 18th century to honour the martyred Roman Christian, Saint Laurentis. In 1785 the first U.E. Loyalist to take up land in Brockville was William Buell Sr. (1751–1832) an ensign disbanded from the King's Rangers, from the state of New York. Residents commonly called the first settlement "Buell's Bay". Around 1810 government officials of Upper Canada designated the village as Elizabethtown.

About 1812 leading residents of the village suggested that the village be renamed to differentiate it and the township of Elizabethtown. The commanding British General in Upper Canada and temporary administrator of the province was Major-General Isaac Brock. He was celebrated as the "Hero and Saviour" of Upper Canada because of his recent success in securing the surrender of Fort Detroit. Perhaps to curry favour with Gen Brock certain leading citizens of the village including Charles Jones proposed the name of Brockville. They began using this name in their correspondence and dealings with Isaac Brock. Gen. Brock was soon involved in other battles on the Niagara Peninsula, and on October 13, 1812, he was fatally wounded while leading troops up the heights near the village of Queenston then held by American militia.

A Raid on Elizabethtown occurred on February 7, 1813, when Benjamin Forsyth and 200 men crossed the frozen St. Lawrence River to occupy Elizabethtown and seize military and public stores, free American prisoners, and capture British military prisoners.

The general had been aware of the honour being offered by the residents of Elizabethtown, but had no chance to give it his official blessing before his death. Provincial officials accepted the new name which was soon commonly used by residents and visitors. In 1830 the population of Brockville had managed to exceed the 1000 mark. This entitled it to be represented by its own elected member in the House of Assembly. Henry Jones, the village postmaster, was elected in October 1830 to the 11th Parliament of the Province.

Brockville became Ontario's first incorporated self-governing town on January 28, 1832, two years before the town of Toronto. By means of the Brockville Police Act passed by the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada Brockville was given the right to govern its own affairs, pass laws and raise taxes. The first elections for the new Board of Police were held on April 2, 1832 to elect four members to the Board. These four in turn chose a fifth member, Daniel Jones, who also became the first Police Board president or Mayor of Brockville. In March 1836 he became the first native Upper Canadian to receive a knighthood and became "Sir Daniel Jones".

In the 19th century the town became a local centre of industry including shipbuilding, saddleries, tanneries, tinsmiths, a foundry, a brewery, and several hotels. By 1854, a patent medicine industry had sprung up in Brockville and in bordering Morristown, NY featuring products such as "Dr Morse's Indian Root Pills", "Dr. McKenzie's Worm Tablets" and later, "Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People".

 

 

 

 

 
The south portal of the Brockville Tunnel, Canada's first railway tunnel, opened in 1860

In 1855, Brockville was chosen as a divisional point of the new Grand Trunk Railway between Montreal and Toronto. This contributed to its growth as it could offer jobs in railway maintenance and related fields. At the same time, the north–south line of the Brockville and Ottawa Railway was built to join the St. Lawrence River ship route with the timber trade of theOttawa Valley. A well-engineered tunnel for this railway was dug and blasted underneath the middle of Brockville. TheBrockville Tunnel was the first railway tunnel in Canada.

Brockville and many other towns in Canada West became involved in the threatened Fenian invasion after the American Civil War in 1865. In June 1866 the Irish-American "Brotherhood of Fenians" invaded Canada. They launched raids across theNiagara River into Canada West and from Vermont into Canada East. Canadian Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald called on the volunteer militia companies in every town to protect Canada. The Brockville Infantry Company and the Brockville Rifle Company (now The Brockville Rifles) were mobilized. The unsuccessful Fenian Raids were a catalyst that contributed to the creation of the new Dominion of Canada in 1867.

By 1869, Brockville had a population of 5000 and a station on the Grand Trunk Railway. It was the County Town of the United Counties of Leeds and Grenville and a port of Entry. Steamers stopped in Brockville daily while plying between Montreal, Kingston, Toronto and Hamilton. The Brockville and Ottawa Railway connected Brockville with Smith's Falls, Perth, Almonte, Carleton Place and Sandy Point. During the summer, a steam ferry plied every half hour between Brockville and Morrisburg New York.

In 1962 Brockville was granted official status as a city. Its coat of arms featured a beehive surrounded by a golden chain and bears the motto Industria, Intelligentia, Prosperitas. This is an official heraldic design. Brockville is one of the few cities that has a recognized heraldic flag.

 

 

 

Tourism

 

 

 

 

Tour boat on the St. Lawrence River with Morristown visible on the opposite shore. This significant river was named by French explorers in the 1700s to commemorate the martyred ChristianLawrence of Rome.

 

 

 

 

The community is dominated by the St. Lawrence River and is known as The City of the Thousand Islands. St. Lawrence River tour boats offers scenic trips on the river. The Brockville area is the launching point for some of the best fresh-waterwreck diving in the world. Numerous sunken ships have been discovered below the waters of the St. Lawrence and a number of dive operators with fully equipped boats are ready to take divers to these sites.

A revitalized downtown area, waterfront open to the public with parks and walking trails, and numerous shopping locations are found throughout the city. The city's architecture consists of many stately mansions and elaborate fountains, carefully preserved as reminders of Canadian history. The historic Fulford Place house museum is located in the east end of Brockville at 287 King St. E. This was the palatial home of Senator George Taylor Fulford, whose success in marketing "Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People" around the world made him one of the area's richest industrialists before his death in 1905. The house owned and operated by the Ontario Heritage Trust is open for public tours on a seasonal schedule.

The Brockville Museum, situated in the historic downtown core, features exhibits and artifacts related to Brockville's rich Loyalist history and the city's development as a waterfront community.

The Maritime Discovery Centre, a $12-million dollar (estimated) tourism and waterfront education attraction is currently approved by the city. It will be part of developer Simon Fuller's $60-million Tall Ships Landing condominium project located on Broad Street.

Brockville has been awarded one of Canada's safest communities by the World Health Organization.


 

 

 

 

Culture

 

 

 

 

Broad Street in Brockville

 

 

The city has several music, art and dance organizations, such as Brockville Artists Studio Association, Brockville Community Choir, Brockville Concert Association, Brockville Musicians' Association, Brockville Operatic Society, City of Brockville Pipe Band, and the Thousand Islanders Chorus.

The Brockville Concert Band arises from a long tradition of community and military bands in Brockville. Civic bands provided entertainment at public venues such as community picnics and outdoor skating rinks. The Brockville Rifles Reserve Band entertained "on the green" in the 1930s and 40s.

Military band members returning from the Second World War formed the Brockville Civic Band. Re-organized as theBrockville Concert Band in 1974, it inherited a musical tradition (and actual sheet music) from civic and military bands dating back to the turn of the 20th century. The Brockville Concert Band plays a series of summer concerts every second Tuesday in Hardy Park in Brockville within view of the beautiful St. Lawrence River. The band also plays for various civic functions and entertains at charitable fundraising events. Since 1995, the band's musical director and conductor has been trumpeter and music teacher Lance Besharah.

St. Lawrence College in Brockville is home to the Music Theatre - Performance Program which trains students to enter the professional world of musical theatre. SLC Stage produces three professional quality musicals each season at the Brockville Arts Centre. The Brockville Arts Centre is a 710-seat, newly refurbished theatre venue with a full season of entertainment offerings.

Several festivals occur each year. Riverfest, a four-day entertainment event, was an annual attraction but saw its final year in 2011.

The Brockville Mental Health Centre is the subject of two documentaries by John KastnerNCR: Not Criminally Responsible and Out of Mind, Out of Sight.


 

 

 

 

SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brockville


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