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Churchill Wild North of Churchill on Hudson Bay, Churchill, MB R0B 0E0, Canada
+1 204-377-5090
Tundra Inn 34 Franklin St, Churchill, MB R0B 0E0, Canada
(800) 265-8563
Polar Inn and Suites 153 Kelsey Blvd, Churchill, MB R0B 0E0, Canada
+1 204-675-8878
Seaport Hotel 299 Kelsey Blvd, Churchill, MB R0B 0E0, Canada
+1 204-675-8807
Aurora Inn 24 Bernier St, Churchill, MB, Canada
+1 204-675-2071
Lazy Bear Lodge & Cafe 200 Kelsey Blvd., Churchill, R0B 0E0, Canada
(866) 687-2327
Churchill Motel & Restaurant Kelsey Blvd, Churchill, MB R0B 0E0, Canada
+1 204-675-8853
Bears' Den B&B 10 Bernier Street, Churchill, MB, Canada
+20 46 752556
Hudson Bay Mechanical 401 Kelsey Blvd, MB R0B 0E0, Canada
+1 204-675-2620
Bluesky Bed & Sled 100 Button St, Churchill, MB, Canada
+1 204-675-2001
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Foot Institute The Reviewed by: AndreaBranderhorst So far so good. They are quite professional here. Clean office. They also provided me with helpful post-operative information to treat my foot while at home.
Weeddaddy Reviewed by: Jody Siblock Ordered 1oz of death bubba bubble hash money was sent via e transfer picked up very quickly and nothing since have tried to phone left several emails most that came back failures to deliver.Anyway do
Foot Institute Airdrie Orthotics Reviewed by: BenFisher It was great that they made it easy to set up an appointment and have convenient hours. Their fair prices were also wonderful.
Blackbird Property Group Reviewed by: Stephen Stacey DO NOT RENT FROM BLACKBIRD! Tina Lister and her group of associates are deceiving and extremely unpersonable. My Fiance and I have been renting from them for the past year and a couple of months. We h
Blackbird Property Group Reviewed by: Stephen Stacey DO NOT RENT FROM BLACKBIRD! Tina Lister and her group of associates are deceiving and extremely unpersonable. My Fiance and I have been renting from them for the past year and a couple of months. We h

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About Churchill

Churchill, Manitoba

 

 

 

Churchill  is a town on the west shore of Hudson Bay in northern ManitobaCanada, just south of the Nunavut/Manitoba boundary. It is most famous for the many polar bears that move toward the shore from inland in the autumn, leading to the nickname "Polar Bear Capital of the World" that has helped its growing tourism industry.

 

 

 

 

 

History

 

 

A variety of nomadic Arctic people lived and hunted in this region. TheThule people arrived around A.D. 1000 from the West, and later evolved into the present-day Inuit culture. The Dene people arrived around 500 from farther north. Since before the time of European contact, the region around Churchill has been predominantly inhabited by the Chipewyan and Creenatives.

As part of the Anglo-French dispute for North America, in 1731-1741 the original fort was replaced with Prince of Wales Fort, a large stone fort on the western peninsula at the mouth of the river. In 1782 the fort was captured by the French, led by La Pérouse. Since the British, under Samuel Hearne, were greatly outnumbered, they surrendered without firing a shot. The leaders agreed that Hearne would be released and given safe passage to England, along with 31 British civilians, in the sloop Severn, on condition that he immediately publish his story ‘A Journey to the Northern Ocean’. In return, the British promised that the same number of French prisoners would be released and a British navigator familiar with the waters safely conduct the French from Hudson’s Bay at a time of year when the French risked becoming trapped in winter ice. The French made an unsuccessful attempt to demolish the fort. The worst effect was on the natives, who had become dependent on trade goods from the fort, and many of them starved. Extensive reconstruction and stabilization of the fort's remains have taken place since the 1950s.

In 1783, Hearne returned to build a new fort, a short distance upriver. Due to its distance from areas of heavy competition between the North West Company and the Hudson's Bay Company, it remained a stable, if not profitable, source of furs.

Between the years of decline in the fur trade and surfacing of western agricultural success, Churchill phased into and then back out of obsolescence. After decades of frustration over the monopoly and domination of the Canadian Pacific Railway, western Canadian governments banded together and argued for the creation of a major new northern shipping harbour on Hudson Bay, linked by rail from Winnipeg. Initially Port Nelson was selected for this purpose in 1912. After several years of effort and millions of dollars, this project was abandoned and Churchill was selected as the alternative after World War One. Surveys by the Canadian Hydrographic Service ship CSS Acadia opened the way for safe navigation. However, construction and use of the railroad was extremely slow and the rail line itself did not come to Churchill until 1929.

Even once the link from farm to port was completed, commercial shipping took many more years to pick up. In 1932 Grant MacEwan was the first person to cross through Churchill customs as a passenger. This was purely due to his determination in taking the Hudson Bay route to Saskatchewan from Britain—most passengers returned via the Saint Lawrence River.

In 1942, the United States Army Air Corps established a base called Fort Churchill, located five miles east of the town. After World War II, this base was jointly operated by Canada and the United States for experimental and training purposes and was in operation until the mid-1960s.


 

 

 

 

Economy

 

 

 

Tourism and ecotourism are major contributors to the local economy, with the polar bear season (October/November) being the largest. Tourists also visit to watch beluga whales in the Churchill River in June/July. The area is also popular for birdwatchers and to view the aurora borealis. The Port of Churchill is the terminus for the Hudson Bay Railroad operated by Omnitrax. The port facilities handle shipments of grain and other commodities around the world. The Northern Studies Centre also attracts visitors and academics from around the world interested in sub-Arctic and Arctic research. The town also has a health centre, several hotels, tour operators, and restaurants, to serve locals and visitors.

 

 

 

Ecotourism

 

 

Churchill is situated along Manitoba's 1,400 km (870 mi) coastline, on Hudson Bay at the meeting of three major biomes: marine, boreal forest and tundra, each supporting a variety of flora and fauna. Each year, 10,000-12,000 eco-tourists visit, about 400-500 of whom are birders.

 

 

 

Beluga whales

 

 

 

Thousands of beluga whales, which move into the warmer waters of the Churchill River estuary during July and August to calf, are a major summer attraction. Polar bears are present as well, but can only be seen via helicopter tours at this time of year.

 

 

 

 

Health care

 

 

 

The town has a modern health centre, the Churchill Regional Health Authority, which employs about 100 people. It provides 44 beds, dental care and diagnostic laboratories to service the residents of Churchill and the communities of the Kivalliq Region (Keewatin) of Nunavut.

 

 

 

 

 

Demographics and culture

 

 

 

As of the 2006 Canada Census, just under half (44.10%) of the population was non-native and the rest (56.41%) were Aboriginal, mostly Chipewyan and Swampy Cree (33.85%), with some Métis (16.41%) and a small number of Inuit (5.64%).

Hunting, trapping and fishing is still an important activity to most of these residents; although there are some summer trails, snowmobiles are their main way of transport. The main language is English and several residents also speak Cree language.

The town has a modern multiplex centre housing a public library, hospital, health centre, day care, swimming pool, ice hockey rink, curling rinks, gym, basketball courts, indoor playground, one cinema and a cafeteria. Nearby is the "Eskimo Museum", operated by theDiocese of Churchill-Baie d'Hudson, with over 850 high quality Inuit carvings on permanent display. The exhibits include historic and contemporary sculptures of stone, bone, and ivory, as well as archaeological and wildlife specimens. Parks Canada visitor centre also has artifacts on display and makes use of audiovisual presentations of various topics involving the region's natural and archaeological history.

By the late 1980s, both the local government and Parks Canada had successfully educated its population on polar bear safety, significantly reducing lethal confrontations and fuelling ecotourism in such a way that the community and the polar bears have benefited.





 

 

 

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Churchill,_Manitoba


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