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Steinberg Dental Centres 444 Main St, Deseronto, ON K0K 1X0, Canada
+1 613-396-2974
Dixie Lee Deseronto 336 Main Street, Deseronto, ON K0K, Canada
+1 613-396-1026
United 349 Main Street, Deseronto, ON K0K 1X0, Canada
+1 613-396-3611
Meredith D A Dr 444 Main, Deseronto, ON K0K 1X0, Canada
+1 613-396-2974
Bayview Inn Motel & 146 Dundas, Deseronto, ON K0K 1X0, Canada
+1 613-396-3390
Arlington Hotel 277 Main, Deseronto, ON, Canada
Griddle Me This 301 Main, Deseronto, ON K0K 1X0, Canada
+1 613-396-5507
Picton Harbour Inn 33 Bridge St, Prince Edward, ON K0K 2T0, Canada
+1 613-476-2186
Courtyard By Marriott 103 Dalton Ave, Kingston, ON K7K 0C4, Canada
+1 613-449-8507
Prinzen Ford Sales 50 Bloomfield Main St, Prince Edward, ON K0K 1G0, Canada
+1 613-393-3318
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Reviewed by: ArtMed Now located at 381 Woolwich Street, Guelph, ON N1H 3W8 www.artmed.ca

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About Deseronto

Deseronto

 

 

 

 

Deseronto is a town in the Canadian province of Ontario, in Hastings County, located at the mouth of the Napanee River on the shore of the Bay of Quinte, on the northern side of Lake Ontario.

The town was named for Captain John Deseronto, a native Mohawk leader who was a captain in the British Military Forces during the American Revolutionary War. More extensive development began with sale of village tracts by Deseronto's grandson John Culbertson in 1837. The Mohawk of the nearby Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory originally controlled the townsite as well. This is the most easterly municipality of Hastings County. It was a center of industry related to timber and mineral resources until the 1930s.

In the 21st century, Deseronto, located 5 km from Highway 401, is the eastern gateway to the Bay of Quinte tourist region, with the Skyway Bridge providing access to Prince Edward County. In 1995 the Mohawk submitted its Culbertson Tract land claim to the Canadian government, which included much of the Deseronto townsite. This has provoked considerable controversy. Negotiations on this claim have been underway with the government since 2003. In June 2013 the Federal Court of Canada issued a ruling that was a declaration of federal policy, noting that expropriation of land by payment to existing property owners was among the legal alternatives for settling the land claim, together with compensation payments and acquisition of other lands for the Mohawk.

 

 

 

 

History 

 

 


The area was acquired by the British Government from the Mississaugapeople just after the American Revolution for resettlement of loyalists from the colonies. The Crown granted the land to Loyalists and Mohawk who had supported the British during this war. In 1784, a group of twenty Mohawk families led by Captain John Deserontyon (aka Deseronto) (c.1740–1811) became the first settlers. They founded what became the reserve now known as Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory, Ontario, which originally included the town territory. The Crown personally granted Deseronto a lump sum payment of about ₤800 pounds for his losses, 3,000 acres (12 km2) of land, and an annual pension of ₤45 pounds.

Deserontyon's grandson, John Culbertson, inherited the chief's property in what is now the town site of Deseronto. In 1837, Culbertson was granted individual title to the land by the Canadian government. He built a wharf on the waterfront, and sold village lots in his tract to non-natives. A settlement began to grow at the wharf, called Culbertson's Wharf.[2][3]

In 1848, portions of land were bought by Anglo-Canadians Amos S. Rathbun, Thomas Y. Howe, and L. E. Carpenter, who built the area’s first sawmill. By 1850, the village was known as Mill Point.[4] After 1855 Amos Rathbun's brother, Hugo Burghardt Rathbun (1812–1886), continued the business by himself. He acquired many village properties and developed Mill Point as one of Ontario's earliest company towns, building dwellings to house employees of his shipyard and sawmill. This led to rapid growth, and the place became an industrial and transportation hub for the logging business in the Napanee, Salmon, Moira, and Trent River watersheds. Timber was transported to the town of Deseronto from upcountry via Rathbun's Bay of Quinte Railway and was shipped out by the company's steamships for delivery to points along the Great Lakes and up the St. Lawrence River.

In 1871, a county by-law provided for the incorporation of Mill Point as a Village. Mill Point took the name Deseronto in 1881 in honour of the Mohawk chief Deserontyon (aka John Deseronto) who had led the first Mohawk and other loyalist settlers to the area following the American Revolution. In 1889, it was incorporated as a Town. At its 1895 peak, Deseronto had 3338 people and was a thriving town with bakeries, drugstores, hardware stores and hotels.  Rathbun was a millionaire until a 1896 fire on the timber docks did a quarter million dollars damage.

The town's Post Office, designed by Chief Dominion Architect Thomas Fuller, was completed in 1901. During World War I, Deseronto was home to two Royal Flying Corps training camps.

The Rathbun Company developed many diversified industries, including a sash and door factory, shipyard, railway car works, terra cotta factory, flour mill, gas works and chemical works, all located in Deseronto. But changing markets, devastating fires, depleting lumber stock, and a lack of good forest management led to the company's decline; the core timber and minerals resource businesses were dead by 1916 due to exhaustion of natural resources. The company surrendered its charter in 1923. The town's population fell from 3500 in 1924 to 1300 during the Great Depression ten years later.

 

 

 

 

 

 

SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deseronto


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