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Wawa Dental Centre 27 Gold, Wawa, ON P0S 1K0, Canada
+1 705-856-2804
Northern Lights Ford Sales Hwy 17 North, Wawa, ON P0S 1K0, Canada
+1 705-856-2775
Trans Canada Chrysler Ltd 74 Pinewood Drive, Wawa, ON P0S 1K0, Canada
+1 705-856-7110
Owen Mark Dr 27 Gold, Wawa, ON P0S 1K0, Canada
+1 705-856-2804
Sign Zone 309 Queen, Wawa, ON P0S 1K0, Canada
+1 705-856-1168
Mission Motors 61 Mission Rd Hwy 101, Wawa, ON P0S 1K0, Canada
+1 705-856-2394
Wawa Medical Centre 17 Government Rd, Wawa, ON P0S 1K0, Canada
+1 705-856-1313
Canadian Tire 54 Broadway Avenue, Wawa, ON P0S 1K0, Canada
+1 705-856-2285
Squigglers Flowers 22 Caverhill, Wawa, ON P0S 1K0, Canada
+1 705-856-2443
Dubreuilville; Fish, Hunt or Sleep-In Chez Gaston 27 Lacroix Street, Dubreuilville, ON P0S 1B0, Canada
+1 705-852-0128
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Paul Calback, Dog Walking & Pet Reviewed by: Eye See He left my dog in a hot car in 2016 and she died. He keeps listing himself on new websites so I can't put a negative review on them. He was charged by the OSPCA and admitted guilt. Needs to never walk
work safe Reviewed by: Spaolocci Very professional. I learned alot.
window tint team Reviewed by: Deep Shah This is one of the best and one of the most professional window tinting company I have ever seen in Toronto, Ontario. http://windowtintteam.com
Reviewed by: ArtMed Now located at 381 Woolwich Street, Guelph, ON N1H 3W8 www.artmed.ca

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About Wawa

Wawa, Ontario

 

 

 

 

Wawa is a township in the Canadian province of Ontario, located within the Algoma District. Formerly known as the township of Michipicoten, the township was officially renamed for its largest and best-known community in 2007.[3]

The township also includes the smaller communities of Michipicoten and Michipicoten River, which are small portsettlements on the shore of Lake Superior.

 

 

 

 

 

History

 

 

 

Fur Trade Days 

 

 


Fort Michipicoten was located five miles southwest of the town at the mouth of the Michipicoten River. It was at the junction of the main fur trade route from Montreal westward and the route to James Bay via the Missinaibi River.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Michipicoten, 1897

Community of Michipicoten River

The French were in the area by at least 1681, and built the post in either 1725 or 1727. By 1729, it was an outpost of Fort Kaministiquia in Vérendrye's Postes du Nord. When the British conquered Canada in 1763, it was abandoned. Four years later, it was re-opened on the same site byAlexander Henry the elder and Jean Baptiste Cadotte. The route from James Bay was explored by Edward Jarvis (1775) and Philip Turnor (1781). In 1783, it was taken over by the Northwest Company. In 1797, the Hudson's Bay Company built a rival post on the north bank. With the union of the two companies in 1821, the Lake Superior trade was diverted from Montreal to Hudson Bay via Michipicoten. This lasted until 1863, when the arrival of steamboats and railways made it unnecessary. From 1827, the fort was the headquarters of the Superior Division and several annual meetings were held here. It was a centre for fishing, boat-building and small-scale manufacture and repair, and it served as a base for missionaries and surveyors. It was closed in 1904. The site was on the south bank of the river, opposite the mouth of the Magpie River. As of about 1980, the area has been mainly a grassy clearing, some foundation stones and the remains of the dock.

 

 

 

 

Modern 

 

 

 


Wawa's history is rich in mining, forestry, and the fur trade. Although mining attempts began as early as the late 1660s, it wasn't until 1896 that gold was discovered on nearby Wawa Lake, leading to a rush to the area. The population grew from only a handful of people to approximately a thousand.

In 1898, the town site at what is now called "the Mission" was registered as "Michipicoten City." In 1899, Wawa was surveyed and plotted into a town and registered as Wawa City. In the latter half of the 1950s, the town's name was temporarily changed to Jamestown in honour of Sir James Hamet Dunn, but it was later changed back to Wawa at the request of the community's residents.

Gold production had slowed by 1906, but as mining technology improved, additional amounts began to be extracted from the area. Gold mining in the Wawa area prospered and receded several times in the 20th century, and it continues today.

Iron ore extraction has also been an important industry in the area. The search for the elusive precious yellow metal during the Michipicoten gold boom led to the unexpected discovery of iron ore in 1897. Rock samples made their way into the hands of Francis Hector Clergue, an American entrepreneur who immediately recognized the ore for its potential in the form of a steel company in the industrial future of Sault Ste. Marie. The community then came to be served by the Algoma Central Railway.

The first supply of ore extracted form the Helen Mine was shipped to Midland, Ontario, in July 1900 and thus became the "first boat shipment of Canadian iron ore to a Canadian port." The mine produced high-grade iron ore until 1903, when operations shut down due to financial difficulties that were confronting Clergue and his company. By 1904, the mine had returned to full production capabilities and was mining a thousand tons of hematite ore a day. From 1900 to 1918, the Helen Mine had the largest production of any iron mine in Canada.

In 1909, a second hematite ore deposit was uncovered near the Magpie River, twelve miles north of the Helen Mine. The Algoma Steel Corporation, organized between 1904 and 1909 in Sault Ste. Marie, bought up the claims and operated both the Magpie and Helen mines for the next decade.

The Helen Mine continued ore production until 1918, when the company felt the reserve of hematite ore was finally depleted. The same fate followed the Magpie Mine in 1921. The Census of Canada records that the population of the Michipicoten region in 1921 experienced a drop from 1,001 in 1911 to 101 just ten years later.

It was not until 1937, with the threat of war in Europe and the emergence of a profitable market for Canadian iron ore, that the Helen Mine was reopened. A sintering plant was constructed on the northern bank of the Magpie River, two miles west of the mine, to treat the siderite ore before it was shipped to the blast furnaces at Algoma Steel in Sault Ste. Marie. The plant became the centre for a small community called Sinterville, composed of workers and their families.

The Helen Mine remained an open pit operation until 1950, from which point on all production came from underground mining. In 1960, the new George W. MacLeod Mine went into production adjacent to the Helen Mine. The ore was transported on an aerial tramline that consisted of over 280 steel three-ton buckets travelling underground and then surfacing three-quarters of a mile west of the 2,066-foot vertical MacLeod Shaft. The tramline then continued the remaining two miles to the sinter plant on overhead cables. This system was replaced in 1979 by the latest in underground mining technology, the highest-lift single-drive conveyor in the world.

During the summer of 1971, Wawa hosted an archaeological field camp known as the Wawa Drop-In Project or the Big Dig, for young hitchhikers travelling along Highway 17. The project was directed by Professor K.C.A. Dawson. and supported by the federal government as part of its youth employment program. The results of fieldwork at several important sites were never published, although all the records are currently held by the Canadian Museum of Civilization in Ottawa.

Throughout the 1990s, Wawa and the Algoma Ore Division continued to be challenged by international market problems that plagued both the gold and iron mining industries. In December 1997, Algoma Steel announced that it could no longer support the high cost of extracting low-grade iron at Algoma Ore Division. Even though Wawa's mountain of iron ore still had more to give, operations were shut down in June 1998, a hundred years after iron was first discovered in this remote corner of northern Algoma.

Wawa suffered a population decline after the Helen Mine and the Algoma Ore Division sinter plant shut down, leaving its main industries as forestry and tourism. In recent years, diamond prospecting and proposals to create a trap rock mine on the shore of Lake Superior have been developed; however, no mining activities of any kind have yet been established.

In another blow to the town's economy, Weyerhauser, which operated an oriented strandboard mill 30 kilometres east of the town, announced an indefinite shutdown of its mill in October 2007. The final production shift ran at the end of December 2007, and with the ongoing demand for wood products being very low, the likelihood of the mill reopening was marginal at best. Since the shutdown, Wawa's economy has suffered a near complete collapse, as the closure resulted in over 135 lost jobs and led to even more residents moving away. This subsequently had a spinoff effect on other businesses and on the town's population, which peaked at close to 5,600 in the 1990s but has since dropped to under 3,000, according to the 2011 Canadian census.

The collapse of the forestry industry in the first decade of the 2000s not only impacted Wawa, but the neighbouring communities of Dubreuilville and White River. Wawa, the area's largest settlement, has consequently faced grave difficulties in attracting new industry to the community and region.

Most of the movie Snow Cake (2006) was filmed in Wawa.

 

 

 

 

 

Tourism and attractions

 

 

 

The community is known for its 8.5-metre (28-foot) metal statue of a Canada goose, which was built in 1960, and dedicated to the community in 1961. Wawa takes its name from the Ojibwe word for "wild goose", wewe. Wawa was defined as wild goose in The Song of Hiawatha. On July 5, 2010, Canada Post made a commemorative stamp of the Wawa Goose as part of its Roadside Attractions collection.

 

 

 

 

Education

 

 

 

Wawa is home to English and French language schools. The Algoma District School Board is responsible for offering English language instruction and operates Sir James Dunn Public School, offering kindergarten to Grade 8 classes, while Michipicoten High School offers Grades 9 to 12. The Huron-Superior Catholic District School Board provides French immersion language instruction for junior kindergarten to Grade 7 at St. Joseph French Immersion School. In the 2014-2015 school year St. Joseph School will expand its French immersion program to include Grade 8.

Exclusive French-language instruction is offered by two school boards. The Conseil scolaire du Grand Nord offers public school instruction at Ecole publique l'Escalade for students in kindergarten to Grade 8. The Conseil scolaire catholique du Nouvel-Ontario offers Catholic instruction at Ecole élementaire et secondaire catholique St-Joseph.


 

 

 

 

 

SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wawa,_Ontario


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